November 1, 2022

Gadadhar Abhyudaya Prakalpa:  A development project for poor and slam children by Ramakrishna Mission

LOKOGANDHAR ISSN : 2582-2705
Indigenous Art & Culture

NAYAN SAHA, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, GOBARDANGA HINDU COLLEGE

Abstract:

The Gadadhar Abhyudaya Prakalpa (GAP) is a popular project of Ramakrishna Mission for those children who were very far from light of education and modern technology. India’s vast number of slum children, street children and rural children are deprived of the basic necessities like food, nutrition, medical care and education. Through this project Ramakrishna Mission provide them food, nutrition and moral, spiritual, physical education.

Introduction:

On the occasion of 150th Birth Anniversary Celebration of Swami Vivekananda, Ramakrishna Math & Ramakrishna Mission, Kolkata had implemented a project for street and slum children which is Gadadhar Abhyudaya Prakalpa (GAP) . It was launched in October 2010. The aim of this project was all-round development of poor children in slums and other backward areas. There were a total of 174 GAP units’ in23 Indian states which benefitted more than 18,302 underprivileged children from different parts of India. Irrespective of their caste, creed, colour, religion, etc., the project provided an opportunity to these children for their physical, mental, intellectual and spiritual development.

          On the 4-year long 150th Birth Anniversary Celebration of Swami Vivekananda Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India donate 100 crore rupees for social work to Ramakrishna mission , and mission started this project with this financial assistance for holistic development of poor children . The project ‘Gadadhar Abhyudaya Prakalpa’ (GAP), named after the childhood name of Sri Ramakrishna, i.e., ‘Gadadhar’, is being implemented for the betterment of the neglected slum and rural children who are often brought from the roadside and highly unhygienic areas.

The main objectives of Gadadhar Abhyudaya Prakalpa is –

1.  Make moral and cultural values in children.

2. To provide special teaching to children in their school subjects.

3.  To bring a sense of cleanliness and hygiene among those children.

4.  To nourish them for their physical development.

5.  To help them become good citizens of India.

The GAP is a composite programme having three fold development of poor and slam children of 5 to 12 years. The three folds are

  1. Physical development,
  2. Mental development,
  3.  Intellectual development,

The programme is conducted daily for about 2 – 3 hours in the morning or evening though out the year. More than 1,000 children are regularly participating in these units. The actual goal of this project is moral, spiritual, and physical development of poor or slam arias children .

Activities for Physical Development:

For the physical development GAP take some steps-

  • Students has been trained on health and hygiene, in toilet practice, necessity of safe drinking water, brushing teeth, washing hands, clipping nails, using mosquito net at night, etc.
  • To keep them healthy, time by time health check-ups are organised to monitor their body-weight and height, etc.
  • The children participate in various games and exercises. GAP provided sports items for the children. The session starts with prayers followed by exercises.
  • Developing a sense of community participation in keeping the living quarters and environment clean and hygienic, are taught to the children by creating general health awareness.
  • Vitamin tonic & tablets, Minimum medicines, wherever required, are administered as per the doctor’s advice.
  • GAP also provide the following items: school bags, school uniforms, study materials like notebooks, pen, pencil & eraser., books, footwear, umbrellas / raincoats, toiletry items like toothbrush & toothpaste, tongue-cleaner, oil, soap, nail-clipper, etc.
  • After the end of each day’s programme, nutritive food supplements are served to all the participants, to counter the problem of malnutrition. As a part of the Physical Development . Nutritive food items milk, egg and banana, dry rosted chhola , and dry rosted ground nuts , germinated green grams , SAT Mix, and other item likes fruits , dalia, etc . Suitable nutritive food items may be chosen as per local availability.

Activities for Mental Development:

  • The children are exposed to various arts & skills as per the local culture and tradition in music, drama, chanting, painting etc.
  • Universal prayers are taught to instil national integration and to encourage holistic living. The children are also guided to practice meditation and yoga under the guidance of competent teachers.
  • Value Education as mentioned above, is also part of the GAP programme. The lives of great personalities in the field of literature, religion, history, and freedom movement are taught to the students to imbibe their noble qualities and sacrifice for the cause. Periodically, films on Value Education and other inspirational themes are screened to the students for exposing our national heritage and culture.
  • The dedicated teachers of GAP are the right mentors of the children with proper attitude and awareness. Gifted with a healthy mental frame, they instil a healthy mentality into the children. They try to help in Nurturing the child, Imparting values in the child, Moulding the character of the child, and Teaching good habits that a child can cultivate at home.

Activities for Intellectual Development: The children are provided special coaching in their academic subjects, as it is often found that these poverty-stricken children do not get a good academic care in their schools. The non-school-goers are given special attention and gradually they get admitted in schools where they are found to excel.

Implementation:

The GAP units are implemented through branch centres situated in different parts of the country. Monks and volunteers look after this project with service-mindedness. Their loving attention and care gradually unfold the potentialities of the uncared-for children. The GAP teachers take classes on schools subjects, exercises, meditation, painting, singing, value education, etc. as per the pre-scheduled daily routines. Apart from the paid teachers, our monks and volunteers render free services in this project to help the children learn different subjects.

Funding:

GAP units are monitored and funded by the Headquarters from where the yearly required funds are disbursed to the implementing branch centres in instalments. Hence, to run the GAP units as a whole, the Headquarters sincerely seek the financial assistance of the service-minded individuals and the philanthropic organizations. Central government donate 100 corer rupees for 150 birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda , and it was initial funding of this project . But this funding was only for four years. After end of this funding some privet and govt. sponsored company like ONGC, SBI, TCS, INDIAN OIL, BHARAT PETROLEUM gives financial support to this project. Some units are run by headquarters and  some by privet sponsorships.

The total amount approved by the Central Govt. to run GAP during its Project Period was divided into different fiscal years which again was divided among each unit . So , equal amount was not allotted toa particular unit in all the financial years. In 2012-13 and 2013-14 , however, Rs.450000/- was allotted for each with the following financial guidelines.

Estimated Expenditures to run one GAP Unit for a period of one year
Sl. No.Particulars for 100 StudentsAmount (Rs)
1.Honorarium for 3 teacher (Rs. 1500 per month per teacher x 3 Teacher x 12 months) (where volunteers are not available)54,000
2.Honorarium for 1 attendant (RS.1000per month x 12 month)12000
3.Text book and / or value education books and study materials ( Rs. 100 per students x 100 students)10000
4.School bag( Rs. 120 x 100 student)       12000
5.Umbrella/ raincoat and / or footwear ( Rs. 100 x100 student )10000
6.School uniform ( Rs. 100x 100 students )10000
7.Nutritive food items300000
8.Toiletry items (Rs. 300 per student x100 student)30000
9.Sports items1000
10.Plastic mats1000
11.Contingency10000
  Total Expenditure
4,50,000

Estimated Expenditures to run one GAP Unit for a period of one year
Sl. No.Particulars for 100 StudentsAmount (Rs)
1.Honorarium for 3 teacher (Rs. 1500 per month per teacher x 3 Teacher x 12 months) (where volunteers are not available)54,000
2.Honorarium for 1 attendant (RS.1000per month x 12 month)12000
3.Text book and / or value education books and study materials ( Rs. 100 per students x 100 students)10000
4.School bag( Rs. 120 x 100 student)       12000
5.Umbrella/ raincoat and / or footwear ( Rs. 100 x100 student )10000
6.School uniform ( Rs. 100x 100 students )10000
7.Nutritive food items300000
8.Toiletry items (Rs. 300 per student x100 student)30000
9.Sports items1000
10.Plastic mats1000
11.Contingency10000
       Total Expenditure4,50,000

Conclusion

As there is so many popular projects of Ramakrishna mission , GAP is one of them, which includes three fold development for those children who are deprived of education and modern technology. A vast number of Indian street children are growing up in lack of basic necessities such as nutrition, education and medical care . And here comes the main motto of GAP, to guide children from its first stage of development . This  will help  them to learn the basic values of life. This guidance will inspire them to choose the right path of life. Lastly GAP is not only a project, it is a life saving formula for Indian society where so many children from rural and slum aria can find out there hidden potentiality and enlighten their life for a beautiful future .

References:

  1. Commemorating Vivekananda 2015, by Ramakrishna Mission, Belur Math
  2. Gadadhar Abhyudaya Prakalpa (GAP), A Project for the Holistic Development of Underprivileged Children, A Brochure-cum-Appeal, Ramakrishna Mission , Belur Math, 5 September 2015
  3. https://belurmath.org/gadadhar-abhyudaya-prakalpa/
  4. https://www.rkmvnarendrapur.org/gadadhar.aspx
  5. https://www.rkmimphal.org/gadadhar-abhyudaya-prakalpa-gap/
  6. http://rkmvu.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/profile/Profile–ANNEXURE-31–Vivekananda_Swasthya_Prakalpa_and_Gadadhar_Abhyuday_Prakalpa.pdf

List of GAP centres:

Details of 177.5 Units of Gadadhar Abhyudaya Prakalpa (GAP): Nov. 2016

(One unit of GAP implies implementing the project with around 50 targeted children.)

Sl. No.Place of ImplementationOur Implementing Branch Centre# of Units
State / U.T.DistrictPlace
 Andhra PradeshKrishnaAt KummarikuntlaVijayawada2
 Arunachal PradeshTirapAt DevabhumiNarottam Nagar2
At Deomali1
 AssamKamrupAt the centreGuwahati2
KarimganjAt the centreKarimganj1.5
At Mahisasan2
CacharAt BastalaSilchar1
At Sawtal Tilla1
 BiharChapraAt DumriChapra4
KatiharAt DahiabhattaKatihar1
At Belalpadi1
At the centre1
PatnaAt the centrePatna1
MuzaffarpurAt the centreMuzaffarpur2
At Dumri2
 GujaratPorbandarAt the centrePorbandar1
KutchAt Khandek, Pirdhar and Bazarsamiti in Rapar areaRajkot3
At Bhuj-Kutch1
VadodaraAt the centreVadodara1
At Chapad2
At Kim1
 JharkhandJamshedpurAt AdityapurJamshedpur1
JamtaraAt the centreJamtara1
RanchiAt SobaRanchi Morabadi1
SinghbhumAt the centreGhatshila2
RanchiAt the centreRanchi Sanatorium2
 KarnatakaMangaloreAt the centreMangalore1
MysoreAt the centreMysore1
At a nearby area1
KodaguAt the centrePonnampet1
 KeralaKottayamAt the centrePalai1
KozhikodeAt the centreKoyilandy1
ThiruvananthapuramAt 04 nearby placesThiruvananthapuram2
 Madhya PradeshIndoreAt the centreIndore1
 MaharashtraAurangabadAt Chhatrapati Nagar, Satara ParisarAurangabad1
KolhapurAt KolhapurPune1
At Udgiri1
AhmednagarAt Ahmednagar1
PuneAt the centre1
 ManipurImphalAt UripokImphal2
 MeghalayaRi BhoiAt Umden ArkaShillong1
East Khasi HillsAt Umkaber Lyngiong1
At Harijan Colony1
At KalatekCherrapunjee1
West Garo HillsAt Dalu in Tura1
Jayantia HillsAt Nartiang1
 OdishaBhadrakAt the centreKothar2
PuriAt Bohi sahiPuri (Mission)1
At Mallick sahi1
NabarangpurAt Umarkot1
At Dadugaon1
MayurbhanjAt Rairangpur2
 RajasthanJhunjhunuAt a nearby areaKhetri3
 Tamil NaduChennaiAt North ChennaiChennai (Math)1
TiruvannamalaiAt Chengam1
TiruvarurAt Tiruvarur1
VillupuramAt Villupuram1
ThanjavurAt Thanjavur1
CoimbatoreAt the centreCoimbatore (Math)2
KanchipuramAt PeruveliChengalpattu1
At Salayur1
At ChettiyarpettaiKanchipuram1
VelloreAt Melapulampudur1
 TripuraWest TripuraAt a nearby areaAgartala1
Unakoti  At the centreKailashahar1
At Jamtailbari1
At Samruchherra1
 Uttar PradeshAllahabadAt the centreAllahabad2
KanpurAt the centreKanpur1
LucknowAt the centreLucknow1
At Katra Bakkas1
SitapurAt Ataria1
Bara BankiAt Ramvan Kutir1
SonebhadraAt LoharaVaranasi Home of Service1
MirzapurAt Gaura1
At Rampur1
AzamgarhAt Lalganj1
 UttarakhandDehradunAt the centreKishanpur3
At Bauri Shiv Mandir1
RudraprayagAt Kotma, Ukhi Math1
ChampawatAt the centreShyamlatal1
 West BengalBurdwanAt SitarampurAsansol1
At Putunda2
Cooch BeharAt the centreCooch Behar1
KolkataAt the centreBaranagar (Math)2
At the centreBaghbazar1
At Ambedkar ColonyBaranagar (Mission)2
At Sinthi1
At the centreBelgharia1
At Prafullanagar1
BankuraAt Bankati1
West MedinipurAt Bhula1
At the centreGarbeta2
At the centreLalgarh1
East MedinipurAt BilaspurContai1
DarjeelingAt the centreDarjeeling1
HooghlyAt the centreAntpur2
At the centreGourhati1
At the centreIchapur1
At BhangamoraGurap1
At Ichhapur-Gopinagar1
At Tarakeshwar1
At the centre1
At the centreKamarpukur1
At Deregram1
BankuraAt DeshraJayrambati1
At Koalpara1
At the centre2
At the centreRamharipur2
At Nirisha1
At Saltora1
At Raniara1
At Salbedia1
At Kulladihi1
MaldaAt 02 nearby placesMalda2
South 24-Parganas  At 02 nearby placesManasadwip1
At the centreNaora1
At Govindpur, Bhangar1
At Dakshin Ishwaripur1
At UkhilaNarendrapur1
At Kamlat1
At the centreSarisha2
PuruliaAt Ayodhya HillsPurulia2
At Kantadih1
At Ledabera1
At Bagda2
North 24-ParganasAt Arpatna in BandipurRahara2
At the centreBamunmura2
At the centreRajarhat-Bishnupur2
At 04 nearby villagesSikra-Kulingam4
At Berachampa1
At GholaparaSwamiji’s House1
At Ajgara1
MurshidabadAt 03 nearby placesSargachhi2
West MedinipurAt DaspurTamluk1
Total No. of the above GAP Units running in 71 Districts of 19 States with the Financial Assistance through the Headquarters177.5

Note:           Out of the above GAP units, 137.5 units are being funded by some Corporate Houses and 40 units by the Headquarters’ own funds.